By Greg Holland, Overstreet Advisor, CGCData.com administrator, writer for GPAnalysis and SlabData.com, October 2022
“The CGC Census reported percentages of CPV books for Marvel and D.C. Comics in the 1980s is currently 2.7% and 2.9%, respectively.”
Canadian Price Variants (CPVs) are now given a notation during the CGC grading process and the number of CGC graded copies of CPVs are recorded in the CGC Census. Since 2003, CGC Census data updates have been compiled and made available online at CGCdata.com. The current (October 2022) CGC counts for CPVs are: Marvel, 10,051 CPVs graded, and D.C. Comics, 2,870 CPVs graded. Archie Publications have 974 CPVs on the CGC Census, and Warren/Harris have 232.
For the 10,051 Marvel CPVs graded by CGC, there are 1,208 different issues. The average is over 8 CPVs per issue, but the top ten Marvel issues for CPVs average just over 285 copies per issue, with Amazing Spider-Man #252 and Thor #337 having over 600 CPVs each at the top of the list.
For the 2,870 D.C. Comics CPVs graded by CGC, there are 837 different issues. The average is just under 3.5 CPVs per issue. The top ten D.C. Comics issue for CPVs average over 40 CPVs per issue, but the only D.C. Comics CPV currently above 100 CGC graded copies is Tales of the Teen Titans #44 at 136. There are now five other D.C. Comics issues with 50 CGC graded copies of CPVs.
For Archie Publications total of 974 CPVs, 306 are TMNT Adventures #1 (1988) and 87 are TMNT Adventures #1 (1989). Betty and Veronica #320 (1982) has 58 CPVs graded. Warren Publishing has 190 CPVs on the CGC Census, but only Vampirella #83 has more than 10 graded copies, having 13 CPVs. Harris just reaches 10 graded CPVs for Vampirella #113, with 13 on the CGC Census.
With more than 20 years of CGC Census history available at CGCdata.com, it’s possible to check not only the current CPV counts on the CGC Census, but also the historical CGC census numbers by CGC grade.
A dramatic increase in the numbers of CPV Marvel comic books graded by CGC is evident, particularly in the last five years. A similar recent increase can be observed for CPV D.C. Comics issues, although the counts are significantly lower.
The CPV counts of CGC graded copies are important, but most CPV analysis focuses on the relative scarcity of CPVs to their direct edition (and U.S. newsstand) counterparts. In the CGC Census, there is no separation of U.S. newsstand edition from direct editions (recent CGC policy changes are not reflected in the current CGC Census), therefore the CGC Census does not provide a direct method for estimated scarcity for all three editions. However, the percentage of CPVs graded by CGC overall can be established.
The CGC Census reported percentages of CPV books for Marvel and D.C. Comics in the 1980s is currently 2.7% and 2.9%, respectively. The percentage of CPV books for Archie Publications is 9.5%, much higher than the Marvel and D.C. Comic percentages, however, Archie Publications represent fewer than 1% of the CGC graded comics in this analysis and a higher CPV percentage is to be expected given that Archie did not widely introduce direct editions until 1988, about ten years later than Marvel and D.C. Comics.
It is important to note that all CGC grades are included in these totals, and there are many comic books which are not (yet) worth submitting to CGC in midgrade or lower grade conditions. Additionally, the dramatic increase in the number of CPVs submitted to CGC in the past six years may continue to have an impact on the percentage of CPVs on the CGC Census for years to come. At the moment, however, the current snapshot of CPVs percentages on the CGC Census applies to more than 450,000 CGC graded Marvel and D.C. comic books.
— Greg Holland
If you enjoyed this article, also see:
• Canadian Price Variants (CPVs) and GPAnalysis.com Recorded Sales (2022)
• Newsstand & Direct Edition Data – Where GPAnalysis is Leading the Way
• Canadian Price Variants (CPVs) and the CGC Census (2021)
• Canadian Price Variants (CPVs) and GPAnalysis.com Recorded Sales (2021)
About the AuthorGreg Holland has collected comic books for over 30 years and has been the administrator of the CGC Census Analysis website CGCdata.com since 2003. Dr. Holland holds a Ph.D. in information quality from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock and has held data science positions as research director, analyst, and administrator for government, corporations, and university. He is the 1999 founder of the ValiantComics.com website and the 2004 ValiantFans.com message board. Active on the CGC Forums as ‘valiantman’ since 2002, he is also a 15+ year advisor to the Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide and contributor to later editions of the Standard Catalog of Comic Books. Greg resides in Arkansas, USA, with his wife and their daughter.